source: Transplantation and cellular therapy
Wadhwa A,Chen Y,Hageman L,Schlichting E,Funk E,Hicks J,Balas N,Siler A,Wu J,Francisco L,Holmqvist A,Gupta A,Lund T,Orchard PJ,Armenian S,Arora M,Bhatia S
Survival after blood or marrow transplantation (BMT) for inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) is excellent; however, the burden of morbidity in long-term survivors of BMT for IEM remains understudied. This study examined the risk of chronic health conditions (CHC) in ≥2-year survivors of allogeneic BMT for IEM performed between 1974 and 2014 using the BMT Survivor Study. In this retrospective cohort study, participants (or their parents; n = 154) reported demographic data and CHCs (graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5), and transplantation characteristics were obtained from institutional databases. Unaffected siblings (n = 494) served as a comparison group. Logistic regression was used to estimated the odds of severe/life-threatening CHCs compared with siblings. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate factors associated with severe/life-threatening/fatal CHCs in survivors of BMT for IEM. Survivors of allogeneic BMT for IEM (leukodystrophies, 43.5%; mucopolysaccharidoses, 41.0%) were at 12.5-fold higher odds of severe/life-threatening CHCs (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.4 to 28.9) compared with their siblings. The mean 10-year post-BMT cumulative incidence of grade 3-5 CHCs was 47.5 ± 4.0%. Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) was associated with a 2.7-fold higher risk (95% CI, 1.2 to 6.2; P = .02) of any grade 3-5 CHC, a 6.7-fold higher risk of grade 3-5 cardiopulmonary conditions (95% CI, 1.3 to 35.4), and a 3.0-fold higher risk of severe hearing/vision deficits (95% CI, 1.4 to 6.6). Older (age >26 years) BMT survivors were significantly less likely to graduate from college (odds ratio [OR], 0.3; 95% CI, 0.1 to 0.7) or marry (OR, 0.01; 95% CI, 0.004 to 0.07) compared with their siblings. Survivors of BMT for IEM carry a significant burden of morbidities, which affects their ability to attain adult milestones. Efforts to reduce chronic health conditions in this population are needed.
Institute for Cancer Outcomes and Survivorship, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.
10.1016/j.jtct.2021.11.023 read more