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[Pharmacological Property, Mechanism of Action and Clinical Study Results of Pabinafusp Alfa (Genetical Recombination) (IZCARGO I.V. Infusion 10 Mg) As the Therapeutic for Mucopolysaccharidosis Type-II (Hunter Syndrome)]
source: Nihon yakurigaku zasshi. Folia pharmacologica Japonica
authors: Yamamoto R,Kawashima Ssummary/abstract:
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is an X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease with the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans in tissues and organs throughout the body caused by dysfunction or loss of iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS), resulting in somatic and central nervous system (CNS) disorders. Although enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human IDS is the current first-line therapy for MPS II, it is not effective for the CNS because intravenously administered enzyme cannot cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and thereby does not reach the brain parenchyma. Pabinafusp alfa, approved in March 2021 in Japan, is a recombinant fusion protein composed of human IDS and humanized anti-human transferrin receptor (hTfR) antibody, utilizing the BBB-penetrating technology “J-Brain Cargo” established by JCR Pharmaceuticals. Nonclinical studies showed that pabinafusp alfa was distributed in the brain of hTfR knock-in mice and monkeys after intravenous administration, and dose-dependently decreased heparan sulfate (HS) glycosaminoglycan deposited in major organs including the brain of MPS II mice. Pabinafusp alfa also suppressed neurodegeneration in cerebellum and hippocampus, leading to the maintenance of spatial learning ability. Phase II/III clinical study conducted in Japan showed that pabinafusp alfa decreased HS concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid, which serves as an efficacy biomarker for central nervous symptoms, and improved or stabilized the developmental age of the patients. Moreover, pabinafusp alfa exerted comparable effects to current ERT in terms of improvement of somatic manifestations. Therefore, pabinafusp alfa is a promising therapeutic option as a BBB-penetrating enzyme for the treatment of patients with neuronopathic MPS II.organization: Pharmacology & Toxicology Unit, Drug Discovery Research Institute, Research Division, JCR Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd.
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