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Schizophreniform Presentation and Abrupt Neurologic Decline in a Patient With Late-Onset Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIB

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source: Psychiatric genetics

year: 2021

authors: Montenegro YHA,Baldo G,Giugliani R,Poswar FO,Sobrinho RPO,Steiner CE


Due to their low frequency and some atypical presentations, inborn errors of metabolism are frequently misdiagnosed or underdiagnosed, which hinders the correct management of these patients. To illustrate that, here we present a patient that, at early school age, had learning disabilities compared to her classmates, especially for writing. She completed basic education in a regular school and was transferred to a secondary school for students with special needs. At 18 years of age, she presented a first psychiatric abrupt outbreak: she spent a month screaming and without sleeping. Behavioral problems then became apparent, especially hyperactivity, destructive and chaotic behavior, anxiety, and auto-aggressivity and hetero-aggressivity. A diagnosis of schizophreniform disorder was established. Clinical genetic evaluation revealed coarse face, macroglossia, coarse thick hair, and mild hepatomegaly, and the hypothesis of mucopolysaccharidosis-III was raised. Laboratory tests indicated high levels of urinary glycosaminoglycans and almost undetectable NAGLU activity, confirming the diagnosis. Sequencing of the NAGLU gene revealed the c.1318G>C (p.Gly440Arg) and c.1834A>G (p.Ser612Gly) mutations.

organization: Instituto de Ciências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul.

DOI: 10.1097/YPG.0000000000000294

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