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Epidemiology and Genetics of Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VI in Russia

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source: Frontiers in molecular biosciences

year: 2021

authors: Voskoboeva E,Semyachkina A,Miklyaev O,Gamzatova A,Mikhaylova S,Vashakmadze N,Baydakova G,Omzar O,Pichkur N,Zakharova E,Kutsev S


Mucopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by mutations in the arylsulfatase B gene () and consequent deficient activity of ARSB, a lysosomal enzyme involved in the glycosaminoglycan (s) (GAGs) metabolism. Here, we present the results of the study of DNA analysis in MPS VI patients in the Russian Federation (RF) and other republics of the Former Soviet Union. In a cohort of 68 patients (57 families) with MPS VI, a total of 28 different pathogenic alleles were found. The most prevalent nucleotide changes included NM_000046.5:c.194C>T and NM_000046.5:c.454C>T. Five pathogenic alleles were novel, not previously reported (NM_000046.5:c.304C>G, NM_000046.5:c.533A>G, NM_000046.5:c.941T>C, NM_000046.5:c.447_456del10, and NM_000046.5:c.990_10003del14). The nucleotide variant NM_000045.6:c.454C>T was the prevalent allele among Slavic Russian patients. The nucleotide variant NM_000045.6:c.194C>T was found only in MPS VI families from the Republic of Dagestan. Based on the analysis of dry blood spots (DBSs) collected from newborns in this RF region, we showed the frequency of this mutant allele in the Republic of Dagestan to be 0.01 corresponding to the MPS VI frequency of nearly 1:10,000, which is one of the highest worldwide. This may eventually make the selective asymptomatic carrier test and newborn screening highly feasible in this region of the country.

organization: Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Research Center for Medical Genetics", Moscow, Russia.

DOI: 10.3389/fmolb.2021.780184

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