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Drug Delivery for Neuronopathic Lysosomal Storage Diseases: Evolving Roles of the Blood Brain Barrier and Cerebrospinal Fluid

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source: Metabolic brain disease

year: 2022

authors: Sato Y,Minami K,Hirato T,Tanizawa K,Sonoda H,Schmidt M


Whereas significant strides have been made in the treatment of lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs), the neuronopathy associated with these diseases remains impervious mainly because of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which prevents delivery of large molecules to the brain. However, 100 years of research on the BBB since its conceptualization have clarified many of its functional and structural characteristics, spurring recent endeavors to deliver therapeutics across it to treat central nervous system (CNS) disorders, including neuronopathic LSDs. Along with the BBB, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) also functions to protect the microenvironment of the CNS, and it is therefore deeply involved in CNS disorders at large. Recent research aimed at developing therapeutics for neuronopathic LSDs has uncovered a number of critical roles played by the CSF that require further clarification. This review summarizes the most up-to-date understanding of the BBB and the CSF acquired during the development of therapeutics for neuronopathic LSDs, and highlights some of the associated challenges that require further research.

organization: Research and Development, JCR Pharmaceuticals, Ashiya, Hyogo, Japan.

DOI: 10.1007/s11011-021-00893-3

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