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Convergent Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Cognitive Impairment in Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II

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source: Metabolic brain disease

year: 2021

authors: Corrêa T,Poswar F,Santos-Rebouças CB


Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by pathogenic variants in the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene (IDS), responsible for the degradation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) heparan and dermatan sulfate. IDS enzyme deficiency results in the accumulation of GAGs within cells and tissues, including the central nervous system (CNS). The progressive neurological outcome in a representative number of MPSII patients (neuronopathic form) involves cognitive impairment, behavioral difficulties, and regression in developmental milestones. In an attempt to dissect part of the influence of axon guidance instability over the cognitive impairment presentation in MPS II, we used brain expression data, network propagation, and clustering algorithm to prioritize in the human interactome a disease module associated with the MPS II context. We identified new candidate genes and pathways that act in focal adhesion, integrin cell surface, laminin interactions, ECM proteoglycans, cytoskeleton, and phagosome that converge into functional mechanisms involved in early neural circuit formation defects and could indicate clues about cognitive impairment in patients with MPSII. Such molecular changes during neurodevelopment may precede the morphological and clinical evidence, emphasizing the importance of an early diagnosis and directing the development of potential drug leads. Furthermore, our data also support previous hypotheses pointing to shared pathogenic mechanisms in some neurodegenerative diseases.


organization: Department of Genetics, Institute of Biosciences, Federal University of Rio Grande Do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

DOI: 10.1007/s11011-021-00872-8

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