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Cervical Disorders in Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA-Morquio Disease

key information

source: World Neurosurgery

year: 2021

authors: Demartini Z,Munhoz da Rocha Guimaraes R,Cardoso-Demartini AA

summary/abstract:

Morquio disease or mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man No. 253000) is a rare autosomal recessive disease classified in the group of metabolism inborn errors. The glycosaminoglycans accumulate in chondrocytes, which disturbs bone growth and leads to skeletal manifestations, such as skeletal dysplasia and a short stature. In addition, the disproportionate growth of the trachea can lead to airway insufficiency.

We report the case of a 27-year-old man with dwarfism due to Morquio disease, which had resulted in quadriparesis, hyperreflexia, and dyspnea, requiring a “look up to the sky” compensatory position. Imaging studies of the neck showed tracheal tortuosity, spinal stenosis, myelopathy, and neurogenic arthropathy (Charcot joint). The patient was treated with occipital-cervical-thoracic instrumentation. However, postoperative tracheal correction was required. Considering the wide spectrum of clinical features in those with mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA, individualized multidisciplinary treatment is recommended.

organization: Complexo Hospital de Clínicas, Universidade Federal do Parana, Curitiba, Brazil; Complexo Hospital Pequeno Principe, Curitiba, Brazil. Electronic address: demartiniz@gmail.com.

DOI: 10.1016/j.wneu.2021.07.009

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