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Airway Management of the Deformed Trachea Using T-Tube Stents in Patients With Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IVA

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source: The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology

year: 2021

authors: Lee YH,Hsieh LC,Su CH,Lin HY,Lin SP,Lee KS


Introduction: Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type IVA usually results in airway obstruction due to thoracic cage deformity and crowding of intrathoracic structures, causing tracheal compression by the tortuous innominate artery.

Objectives: To offer an alternative and effective method in dealing with the challenged deformity of the airway in patients with MPS type IVA.

Methods: We present 3 patients with MPS type IVA who underwent airway stenting using Montgomery® T-tube stents. Three-dimensional reconstructed computed tomography was essential to design the T-tube and evaluate the anatomical relationship between the innominate artery and the trachea. The Y-shaped Montgomery® Pediatric Safe-T-Tube™ is more suitable for MPS type IVA. Regular follow-ups using fiberoptic bronchoscopy are necessary to evaluate the complications.

Results: All 3 patients had good outcomes during the follow-ups until present, despite the complication of granulation formation, which was resolved by revising the limbs of the T-tube.

Conclusions: T-tube stents placed below the vocal cord may restore airway patency and preserve laryngeal function, including respiration, phonation, and swallowing, in patients with MPS type IVA.


organization: Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei.

DOI: 10.1177/00034894211032778

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